Identification and differential expression of two forms of regulatory subunits (RII) of cAMP-dependent protein kinase II in Friend erythroleukemic cells. Differentiation and 8-bromo-cAMP elicit a large and selective increase in the rate of biosynthesis of only one type of RII

D. A. Schwartz, C. S. Rubin

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Abstract

The concentration of regulatory subunits (R) of type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase increased 4- to 5-fold when Friend erythroleukemic cells were either grown in medium containing 0.5 mM 8-bromo-cAMP and 0.2 mM methylisobutylxanthine or stimulated to differentiate. Two species of RII with apparent M(r) values of 54,000 (RII-54) and 52,000 (RII-52) are expressed in Friend cells. Both forms of RII were (a) covalently labeled with 8-N3-[32P]cAMP, (b) phosphorylated by the catalytic subunit of protein kinase II, and (c) complexed by polyclonal anti-RII IgGs. RII-52 and RII-54 were not interconverted by phosphorylation or dephosphorylation. A monoclonal antibody that recognizes an internal site in RII resolved the two cAMP-binding proteins by preferentially binding RII-54. The structural diversity suggested by the monoclonal antibody experiment was further examined by comparing two-dimensional maps of tryptic peptides obtained from metabolically labeled ([35S]met) RII-52 and RII-54. Groups of 35S-labeled peptides that were either uniquely derived from RII-54 or obtained only from RII-52 were readily distinguished, thereby demonstrating that Friend cells produce two separate and distinct forms of type II cAMP-binding subunits. The relative rate of synthesis of RII-52 increased 12- to 14-fold during erythroid differentiation and treatment with 8-bromo-cAMP, while the rate of RII-54 synthesis either declined slowly or was unchanged. Thus, two homologous forms of RII are subject to different modes of physiological (differentiation) and pharmacological (chronic 8-Br-cAMP) regulation, and the accumulation of total RII observed in the present and previous (Schwartz, D.A., and Rubin, C.S. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 777-784) studies results from a selective increase in the rate of biosynthesis of RII-52.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6296-6303
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1985

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8-Bromo Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate
Biosynthesis
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Monoclonal Antibodies
Peptides
Phosphorylation
Protein Kinases
Carrier Proteins
Protein Binding
Catalytic Domain
Pharmacology
Experiments
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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@article{bd105c0c67e64f1fb48796e32fbf06b1,
title = "Identification and differential expression of two forms of regulatory subunits (RII) of cAMP-dependent protein kinase II in Friend erythroleukemic cells. Differentiation and 8-bromo-cAMP elicit a large and selective increase in the rate of biosynthesis of only one type of RII",
abstract = "The concentration of regulatory subunits (R) of type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase increased 4- to 5-fold when Friend erythroleukemic cells were either grown in medium containing 0.5 mM 8-bromo-cAMP and 0.2 mM methylisobutylxanthine or stimulated to differentiate. Two species of RII with apparent M(r) values of 54,000 (RII-54) and 52,000 (RII-52) are expressed in Friend cells. Both forms of RII were (a) covalently labeled with 8-N3-[32P]cAMP, (b) phosphorylated by the catalytic subunit of protein kinase II, and (c) complexed by polyclonal anti-RII IgGs. RII-52 and RII-54 were not interconverted by phosphorylation or dephosphorylation. A monoclonal antibody that recognizes an internal site in RII resolved the two cAMP-binding proteins by preferentially binding RII-54. The structural diversity suggested by the monoclonal antibody experiment was further examined by comparing two-dimensional maps of tryptic peptides obtained from metabolically labeled ([35S]met) RII-52 and RII-54. Groups of 35S-labeled peptides that were either uniquely derived from RII-54 or obtained only from RII-52 were readily distinguished, thereby demonstrating that Friend cells produce two separate and distinct forms of type II cAMP-binding subunits. The relative rate of synthesis of RII-52 increased 12- to 14-fold during erythroid differentiation and treatment with 8-bromo-cAMP, while the rate of RII-54 synthesis either declined slowly or was unchanged. Thus, two homologous forms of RII are subject to different modes of physiological (differentiation) and pharmacological (chronic 8-Br-cAMP) regulation, and the accumulation of total RII observed in the present and previous (Schwartz, D.A., and Rubin, C.S. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 777-784) studies results from a selective increase in the rate of biosynthesis of RII-52.",
author = "Schwartz, {D. A.} and Rubin, {C. S.}",
year = "1985",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "260",
pages = "6296--6303",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "10",

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T1 - Identification and differential expression of two forms of regulatory subunits (RII) of cAMP-dependent protein kinase II in Friend erythroleukemic cells. Differentiation and 8-bromo-cAMP elicit a large and selective increase in the rate of biosynthesis of only one type of RII

AU - Schwartz, D. A.

AU - Rubin, C. S.

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - The concentration of regulatory subunits (R) of type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase increased 4- to 5-fold when Friend erythroleukemic cells were either grown in medium containing 0.5 mM 8-bromo-cAMP and 0.2 mM methylisobutylxanthine or stimulated to differentiate. Two species of RII with apparent M(r) values of 54,000 (RII-54) and 52,000 (RII-52) are expressed in Friend cells. Both forms of RII were (a) covalently labeled with 8-N3-[32P]cAMP, (b) phosphorylated by the catalytic subunit of protein kinase II, and (c) complexed by polyclonal anti-RII IgGs. RII-52 and RII-54 were not interconverted by phosphorylation or dephosphorylation. A monoclonal antibody that recognizes an internal site in RII resolved the two cAMP-binding proteins by preferentially binding RII-54. The structural diversity suggested by the monoclonal antibody experiment was further examined by comparing two-dimensional maps of tryptic peptides obtained from metabolically labeled ([35S]met) RII-52 and RII-54. Groups of 35S-labeled peptides that were either uniquely derived from RII-54 or obtained only from RII-52 were readily distinguished, thereby demonstrating that Friend cells produce two separate and distinct forms of type II cAMP-binding subunits. The relative rate of synthesis of RII-52 increased 12- to 14-fold during erythroid differentiation and treatment with 8-bromo-cAMP, while the rate of RII-54 synthesis either declined slowly or was unchanged. Thus, two homologous forms of RII are subject to different modes of physiological (differentiation) and pharmacological (chronic 8-Br-cAMP) regulation, and the accumulation of total RII observed in the present and previous (Schwartz, D.A., and Rubin, C.S. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 777-784) studies results from a selective increase in the rate of biosynthesis of RII-52.

AB - The concentration of regulatory subunits (R) of type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase increased 4- to 5-fold when Friend erythroleukemic cells were either grown in medium containing 0.5 mM 8-bromo-cAMP and 0.2 mM methylisobutylxanthine or stimulated to differentiate. Two species of RII with apparent M(r) values of 54,000 (RII-54) and 52,000 (RII-52) are expressed in Friend cells. Both forms of RII were (a) covalently labeled with 8-N3-[32P]cAMP, (b) phosphorylated by the catalytic subunit of protein kinase II, and (c) complexed by polyclonal anti-RII IgGs. RII-52 and RII-54 were not interconverted by phosphorylation or dephosphorylation. A monoclonal antibody that recognizes an internal site in RII resolved the two cAMP-binding proteins by preferentially binding RII-54. The structural diversity suggested by the monoclonal antibody experiment was further examined by comparing two-dimensional maps of tryptic peptides obtained from metabolically labeled ([35S]met) RII-52 and RII-54. Groups of 35S-labeled peptides that were either uniquely derived from RII-54 or obtained only from RII-52 were readily distinguished, thereby demonstrating that Friend cells produce two separate and distinct forms of type II cAMP-binding subunits. The relative rate of synthesis of RII-52 increased 12- to 14-fold during erythroid differentiation and treatment with 8-bromo-cAMP, while the rate of RII-54 synthesis either declined slowly or was unchanged. Thus, two homologous forms of RII are subject to different modes of physiological (differentiation) and pharmacological (chronic 8-Br-cAMP) regulation, and the accumulation of total RII observed in the present and previous (Schwartz, D.A., and Rubin, C.S. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 777-784) studies results from a selective increase in the rate of biosynthesis of RII-52.

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