Human damage-specific DNA-binding protein p48. Characterization of XPE mutations and regulation following UV irradiation

Anne F. Nichols, Toshiki Itoh, Jay A. Graham, Wei Liu, Masaru Yamaizumi, Stuart Linn

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Abstract

Damage-specific DNA binding (DDB) activity purifies from HeLa cells as a heterodimer (p127 and p48) and is absent from cells of a subset (Ddb-) of xeroderma pigmentosum Group E (XPE) patients. Each subunit was overexpressed in insect cells and purified. Both must be present for the damaged DNA band shift characteristic of the HeLa heterodimer. However, overexpressed p48 peptides containing the mutations found in three Ddb- XPE strains are inactive, and wild type p48 restores DDB activity to extracts from a fourth XPE Ddb- strain, GM01389, in which compound heterozygous mutations in DDB2 (p48) lead to a L350P change from one allele and a Asn-349 deletion from the other. Although these results indicate that these mutations are each responsible for the loss of DDB activity, they do not affect nuclear localization of p48. In normal fibroblasts, a 4-fold increase in p48 mRNA amount was observed 38 h after UV irradiation, preceding a similar elevation in p48 protein and DDB activity at 48 h, implying that p48 limits DDB activity in vivo. Because DNA repair is virtually complete before 48 h, a role for DDB other than DNA repair is suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21422-21428
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 14 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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