ATP citrate lyase was purified to homogeneity from murine liver. In vitro, the purified enzyme served as a good substrate for the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase, accepting up to 1 mol of covalently bound phosphate/mol of 110,000-dalton subunit. cGMP-dependent protein kinase also catalyzed the phosphorylation of lyase. High titer anti-ATP citrate lyase serum was produced in rabbits and was employed as a specific probe for studying the hormonal regulation of the phosphorylation of ATP citrate lyase in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Treatment of the cells with either insulin (0.18 μM) or isoproterenol (10 μM) plus methylisobutylxanthine (0.2 mM) stimulated the incorporation of 32P(i) into lyase approximately 3-fold. A combination of optimal concentrations of both hormones also produced a 3-fold elevation in the labeling of 3T3-L1 adipocyte ATP citrate lyase suggesting a lack of additivity in the effects of the lipogenic and lipolytic hormones. Sites phosphorylated in the presence and absence of hormones were compared by complete tryptic digestion of immunoprecipitated [32P]ATP citrate lyase and subsequent reverse-phase HPLC and two-dimensional mapping on thin layers of cellulose. These analyses revealed that the basal, insulin-stimulated, and isoproterenol-stimulated phosphorylations in 3T3-L1 adipocyte ATP citrate lyase all occurred on a single peptide. The M(r) of the phosphopeptide was estimated to be ~1000 by gel permeation HPLC. The same peptide was phosphorylated in vitro by the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase and cGMP-dependent protein kinase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology