HIV outcomes among migrants from low-income and middle-income countries living in high-income countries: A review of recent evidence

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Abstract

Purpose of review Migrants living in high-income countries are disproportionately affected by HIV infection and frequently have characteristics associated with poor HIV clinical outcomes. HIV epidemiology among migrants is influenced by changes in migration patterns and variations in transmission risk behaviors. Here we review the recently published literature on known HIV outcomes among migrants from low-income and middle-income countries living in high-income countries. Recent findings High proportions of migrants acquire HIV after migration, and this group frequently presents to care late. Once established in care, migrants are often more likely to experience worse HIV treatment outcomes compared with native populations. Multiple individual and structural factors influence HIV diagnosis and treatment outcomes among migrants, including disruption of social networks, increased sexual risk behaviors, communication barriers, limited access to care, and stigma. Few studies have examined interventions targeted at improving HIV outcomes among migrants. Summary Stigma and limited access to care appear to be primary drivers of poor HIV outcomes among migrants in high-income countries. Addressing these disparities is limited by difficulties in identifying and monitoring this population as well as a lack of evidence regarding appropriate interventions for migrants living with HIV. Improving outcomes for this group requires interventions that are specifically targeted at this marginalized and growing population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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Keywords

  • HIV
  • care continuum
  • immigrants
  • late diagnosis
  • migrants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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