HIV-associated nephropathy

Michael J. Ross, Paul E. Klotman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

HIVAN is the most common cause of chronic renal failure in HIV-1 seropositive patients and disproportionately affects patients of African descent. Patients with HIVAN are typically diagnosed late in the course of their HIV illness when they present with renal insufficiency and proteinuria. HIV-1 infection of renal epithelial cells has been shown to be crucial in the initiation of HIVAN pathogenesis. Furthermore, the kidney represents a reservoir where HIV-1 infection can persist despite treatment with HAART. Small clinical trials, case reports, and epidemiologic data strongly suggest a benefit of HAART in the treatment of HIVAN. Although not currently the standard, we recommend that the diagnosis of HIVAN be sought aggressively by physicians caring for HIV infected patients. And, when found, we also recommend that patients be started on HAART independent of their CD4 cell count and viral load.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1089-1099
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

AIDS-Associated Nephropathy
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
HIV-1
HIV Infections
HIV
Kidney
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Viral Load
Proteinuria
Chronic Kidney Failure
Renal Insufficiency
Epithelial Cells
Clinical Trials
Physicians
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • HIV-1
  • HIV-associated nephropathy
  • Kidney
  • Pathogenesis
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

HIV-associated nephropathy. / Ross, Michael J.; Klotman, Paul E.

In: AIDS, Vol. 18, No. 8, 21.05.2004, p. 1089-1099.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Ross, MJ & Klotman, PE 2004, 'HIV-associated nephropathy', AIDS, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 1089-1099. https://doi.org/10.1097/00002030-200405210-00002
Ross, Michael J. ; Klotman, Paul E. / HIV-associated nephropathy. In: AIDS. 2004 ; Vol. 18, No. 8. pp. 1089-1099.
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