Health-related quality of life differences between African Americans and non-Hispanic whites with head and neck cancer

Bryce B. Reeve, Jianwen Cai, Hongtao Zhang, Jaeun Choi, Mark C. Weissler, David Cella, Andrew F. Olshan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Cancers of the head and neck are associated with detriments in health-related quality of life (HRQOL); however, little is known about different experiences between African Americans and non-Hispanic whites. Methods HRQOL was measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Head and Neck (FACT-H&N) approximately 5 months postdiagnosis among 222 patients with cancer from North Carolina. Higher scores represent better HRQOL. Regression models included sociodemographic characteristics and clinical factors. Results African Americans reported higher physical well-being than whites (adjusted means, 23.1 vs 20.9). African Americans with incomes <$20,000 reported higher emotional well-being (21.4) and fewer head and neck symptoms (22.0). Non-Hispanic whites making <$20,000 reported the poorest emotional well-being (17.3), whereas African Americans making >$20,000 reported the most head and neck symptoms (18.7). Conclusions Further investigation is needed to explore variation in HRQOL experiences among different race and socioeconomic groups that may inform resource allocation to improve cancer care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1255-1264
Number of pages10
JournalHead and Neck
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • head and neck cancer
  • health-related quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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