CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells are used clinically to support cytotoxic therapy, and recent studies raised hope that they could even serve as a cellular source for nonhematopoietic tissue engineering. Here, we examined in 18 volunteers the gene expressions of 1185 genes in highly enriched bone marrow CD34+ (BM-CD34+) or granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor-mobilized peripheral blood CD34+ (PB-CD34+) cells by means of cDNA array technology to identify molecular causes underlying the functional differences between circulating and sedentary hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. In total, 65 genes were significantly differentially expressed. Greater cell cycle and DNA synthesis activity of BM-CD34+ than PB-CD34+ cells were reflected by the 2- to 5-fold higher expression of 9 genes involved in cell cycle progression, 11 genes regulating DNA synthesis, and cell cycleinitiating transcription factor E2F-1. Conversely, 9 other transcription factors, including the differentiation blocking GATA2 and N-myc, were expressed 2 to 3 times higher in PB-CD34+ cells than in BM-CD34+ cells. Expression of 5 apoptosis driving genes was also 2 to 3 times greater in PB-CD34+ cells, reflecting a higher apoptotic activity. In summary, our study provides a gene expression profile of primary human CD34+ hematopoietic cells of the blood and marrow. Our data molecularly confirm and explain the finding that CD34+ cells residing in the bone marrow cycle more rapidly, whereas circulating CD34+ cells consist of a higher number of quiescent stem and progenitor cells. Moreover, our data provide novel molecular insight into stem cell physiology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology