Gastric cancer diagnosis after presentation to the ED: The independent association of presenting location and outcomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The impact of diagnosis location on gastric cancer (GC) outcomes is poorly defined. Methods: Detailed chart review was conducted to identify presenting location leading to diagnosis and treatment for GC patients at a single institution (2009–2013). Patients treated non-emergently following a diagnosis prompted by an ED visit (EDdx) were compared with those diagnosed at other locations (non-EDdx). Results: EDdx patients comprised 52% of 263 GC patients. They were older, had later cancer stages (stage IV: 50% vs. 24%), more comorbidities (≥3: 68% vs. 47%), and presented with non-specific symptoms like bleeding (21% vs. 5%). Both groups were of similar race and insurance status. In a model adjusted for stage, EDdx was associated with increased mortality (aHR 1.9; 95% CI: 1.2–2.9). Conclusion: Half of GC patients had an ED visit prompting diagnosis, which is independently associated with increased mortality. Efforts should focus on reducing EDdx rates to improve GC outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-292
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume216
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Cancer diagnosis
  • Emergency department
  • Gastric cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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