Gap Junctions in the Nervous System

David C. Spray, E. Scemes, R. Dermietzel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Gap junctions in the nervous system fulfill vital functions of signal transmission and metabolite delivery and buffering. Between neurons, gap junctions form electrotonic synapses providing rapid bidirectional relay that is essential for rapid and synchronous activities. Between glial cells, gap junctions provide a route for long-range intercellular calcium signaling, as well as delivery of glucose and buffering of potassium ions. A family of connexin proteins comprises gap junctions with cell-specific expression, and mutations in the genes that encode connexins are responsible for a number of neurological diseases including the X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, hereditary nonsyndromic deafness, and oculodentodigital dysplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages402-408
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Keywords

  • Connexin
  • Coupling
  • Cx32
  • Cx36
  • Cx43
  • Cx47
  • Electrical synapse
  • Glia
  • Neurons
  • Pannexins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Spray, D. C., Scemes, E., & Dermietzel, R. (2014). Gap Junctions in the Nervous System. In Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (pp. 402-408). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385157-4.00058-0