Frequency of intake and type of away-from- home foods consumed are associated with diet quality in the hispanic community health study/study of latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Amanda C. McClain, Guadalupe X. Ayala, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Robert C. Kaplan, Marc D. Gellman, Linda C. Gallo, Linda Van Horn, Martha L. Daviglus, Marisa J. Perera, Josiemer Mattei

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Abstract

Background: Away-from-home foods (AFHFs) influence diet quality, a modifiable obesity risk factor, with limited generalizable evidence in Hispanic/Latino adults. Objective: We investigated associations between AFHF intake with diet quality and overweight or obesity among US Hispanic/Latino adults. Methods: Cross-sectional baseline (2008-2011) analyses included adults (n = 16,045) aged 18-74 y in the national Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Participants self-reported AFHF consumption frequency from 10 different settings and dietary intake (2-d 24-h recall). The Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) was used to measure diet quality; higher scores indicated a healthier diet and scores were categorized into tertiles. WHO classifications categorized overweight [body mass index (BMI; kg/m2): 25.0-29.9] and obesity (BMI =30). Multivariate-adjusted associations of AFHF frequency or type with AHEI-2010, overweight, or obesity were assessed by using complex survey logistic regression (ORs and 95% CIs). Results: Almost half of participants (47.1%) reported eating AFHFs ≥5 times/wk. The mean ± SE AHEI-2010 score was 47.5 ± 0.2. More than one-third (37.2%) were classified as overweight and 39.6% classified as obese. Compared with consuming AFHFs ≥5 times/wk, consuming AFHFs <1 time/wk or 1-2 times/wk was associated with greater odds of being in higher AHEI-2010 tertiles, indicating a healthier diet [<1 time/wk-tertile 2: OR (95% CI): 1.6 (1.4, 1.9); tertile 3: 2.5 (2.1, 3.1); 1-2 times/wk-tertile 2: OR (95% CI): 1.4 (1.2, 1.6); tertile 3: 1.5 (1.2, 1.8)]. Consumption of AFHFs ≥1 time/wk from each AFHF setting, compared with consumption of any AFHFs <1 time/wk was associated with lower odds of being in higher AHEI-2010 tertiles. Increasing AFHF intake frequencywas not associated with odds of overweight or obesity. Eating from on-street vendors ≥1 time/wk was associated with obesity (OR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.1, 2.0). Conclusions: Consumption of AFHFs was prevalent among Hispanic/Latino adults and was associated with poorer diet quality. Findings may help to identify dietary targets to improve diet quality and prevent obesity in US Hispanics/Latinos. J Nutr 2018;148:453-463.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-463
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume148
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Away-from-home foods
  • Diet quality
  • Eating out
  • Hispanics/Latinos
  • Obesity
  • On-street food vendors
  • Restaurants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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