The fluid and electrolyte management of the surgical neonate must take into account the acute transition to extrauterine life superimposed on the gradual changes associated with fetal and neonatal maturation and growth. With this transition, there are acute changes in body water distribution, and a striking increase in evaporative losses from the skin and respiratory tract. These changes, as well as those in renal function and sodium balance in the preterm and full-term infant are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Seminars in pediatric surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health