An ineffective tumor-specific immune response from inadequate/incompetent antigen presentation could contribute to the failure in tumor control and its dissemination. Dendritic cells (DCs) have been shown to present antigen from apoptotic cells. We hypothesized that Flt3-ligand (Flt3L) therapy, which expands DCs in vivo, in combination with local tumor radiotherapy (RT), should improve antigen presentation from dying, irradiated tumor cells. RT + Flt3L reduced pulmonary metastases in a murine model of Lewis lung carcinoma and significantly improved survival in C57B1/6 mice with established footpad tumors. Mice treated with Flt3L alone showed delayed tumor growth but eventually succumbed to tumor progression. The combination therapy of RT + Flt3L failed to impact survival in immunodeficient athymic mice, implicating the role of T cells in prolonging survival. These results support an attractive strategy of sequential RT and immunotherapy with Flt3L to enhance tumor antigen presentation, which may produce therapeutic responses against disseminated cancer and improvement in survival.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Dec 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research