First published record of a neurosurgical procedure on the North American continent, Mexico City, by Pedro Arias de Benavides, 1561: Secretos de Chirugia, Valladolid, Spain 1567

F. C. Ponce de León, J. T. Goodrich, M. Tutino, C. Gordon, E. S. Flamm

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8 Scopus citations


THE FIRST PUBLISHED account of a neurosurgical intervention performed on the North American continent is described. The operation took place in Mexico City in 1561. The neurosurgical intervention was performed by a Spanish surgeon, Pedro Arias de Benavides, on a 13-year-old boy who had sustained head trauma that caused an open depressed cranial fracture and exposed the cerebrum. A description of this case was first published in Valladolid, Spain, 6 years after the event, in a book entitled Secretos de Chirurgia ("Secrets of Surgery").

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-222
Number of pages7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000



  • Cranial fracture
  • History
  • Skull fracture
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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