In Saccharomyces cerevisiae ochre and opal, as well as amber mutations are known, whereas in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe no amber alleles have been described. We have characterized trp1-566, an amber allele in the trp1 locus of S. pombe. The identification of trp1-566 as an amber allele is based on the following results: (a) The nonsense allele can be converted to an ochre allele by nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis. (b) trp1-566 is suppressed by a bona fide S. pombe amber suppressor tRNA, supSI. The supSI gene was obtained by primer-directed in vitro mutagenesis of a tRNASer from S. pombe. Unexpectedly, an S. cerevisiae amber suppressor tRNASer, supR21, transformed into S. pombe, failed to suppress trp1-566. Northern analysis of S. pombe transformants, containing supRL1 or S. cerevisiae tRNALeu or tRNATyr genes reveals that these genes are not transcribed in the fission yeast. As an additional tool for the analysis of nonsense mutations in S. pombe, we obtained by nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis two unlinked amber suppressor alleles, sup13 and sup14, which act on trp1-566.
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