Fibroblast-like synoviocytes in inflammatory arthritis pathology: The emerging role of cadherin-11

Sook Kyung Chang, Zhizhan Gu, Michael B. Brenner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease affecting the joint synovium. The normal synovium consists of a lining layer of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and macrophages, one to three cells deep that overlies the loose connective tissue of the synovial sublining. During the course of RA, the synovium is the site of inflammation where immune cells are massively infiltrated, and the lining layer becomes hyperplastic and transforms into a pannus tissue that destroys articular cartilage and bone. FLS play an important role in this RA pathogenesis. In this review, we explain that cadherin-11, an adhesion molecule, is selectively expressed on FLS and required for synovial lining formation. In addition, cadherin-11 on FLS contributes to synovial inflammation and mediates cartilage degradation in a mouse model of inflammatory arthritis. Therefore, we suggest that FLS are critical regulators of synovial inflammation and arthritis pathology via mechanisms that are mediated by cadherin-11.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-266
Number of pages11
JournalImmunological Reviews
Volume233
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Adhesion molecules
  • Fibroblast-like synoviocytes
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fibroblast-like synoviocytes in inflammatory arthritis pathology: The emerging role of cadherin-11'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this