Family function and eating behaviours among Hispanic/Latino youth: Results from the Hispanic Community Children's Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth)

U. Colón-Ramos, R. Monge-Rojas, V. Smith-Castro, J. Wang, Y. I. Cheng, K. M. Perreira, L. Van Horn, D. Sotres-Alvarez, C. R. Isasi, L. C. Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To elucidate mechanisms across family function, home environment and eating behaviours within sociocultural context among Hispanic youth. Design: Two models tested via path analysis (youth fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption; empty energy consumption) using data from the Study of Latino Youth (2011-2013). Setting: Chicago, IL; Miami, FL; Bronx, NY; San Diego, CA. Participants: Youth (8-16-year-olds), n 1466. Results: Youth ate 2.4 servings of FV per d and received 27 % of total energy from empty energies. Perceiving higher acculturative stress was indirectly associated with lower FV consumption via a pathway of low family function and family support for FV (β = -0.013, P < 0.001) and via lower family closeness and family support (β = -0.004, P = 0.004). Being >12-year-olds was indirectly associated with lower FV consumption via lower family closeness and family support (β = -0.006, P < 0.001). Household food security was indirectly associated with greater FV consumption via family closeness and family support (β = 0.005, P = 0.003). In contrast, perceiving higher acculturative stress was indirectly associated with higher empty energy consumption (via family closeness and family support: β = 0.003, P = 0.028 and via low family function and low family support: β = 0.008, P = 0.05). Being older was associated with higher consumption of empty energies via family closeness (related to family support: β = 0.04, P = 0.016; parenting strategies for eating: β = 0.002, P = 0.049). Conclusions: Findings suggest pathways of influence across demographic and sociocultural context, family dynamics and home environment. The directionality of these associations needs confirmation using longitudinal data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)924-934
Number of pages11
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Family closeness
  • Family function
  • Hispanic/Latino youth
  • Parenting feeding practices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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