Faecal recovery and diurnal variation in excretion of dietary chromium by mature swine

Dhanonjoy C. Saha, Rex L. Gilbreath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diurnal variation in faecal excretion of dietary chromium (Cr) was studied in this experiment in mature swine. Five gestating sows weighing between 225 and 250 kg were fed a corn/soya bean meal diet containing 14% crude protein, NRC recommended amounts of vitamins and minerals with a Ca: P ratio of 1.3:1. Chromic oxide was added (0.1% w/w) to the test diet, and ferric oxide was added (0.5% w/w) to the pre‐test and post‐test diets as dietary markers. Sows received 0.9 kg of the diet twice daily for 8 days. Total faeces from the test diet were collected and a sample of approximately 150 g of morning samples for days 6 to 9 of the experiment was separated. Faecal recovery of dietary Cr was calculated from the total collection and the samples of the 4‐day period. It was found that faecal concentration of the Cr varied between days (P < 0.05) and between times of the day (P < 0.05); true equilibrium of Cr excretion was never reached. Diurnal variation in faecal excretion of dietary Cr was shown to exist; Cr concentration was higher in the late morning samples than in the morning samples (P < 0.05). Total faecal recovery of dietary Cr was 93.27%, whereas a greater (P < 0.05) value was obtained by morning sampling (118.76%). A portion of the dietary Cr (6.73%) was retained in the gastrointestinal tract even after 2 days of Cr withdrawal from the diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-418
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chromic oxide
  • diurnal variation
  • indicator
  • recovery
  • swine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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