Factors associated with failure to list hiv-positive kidney transplant candidates

D. Sawinski, C. M. Wyatt, L. Casagrande, P. Myoung, I. Bijan, E. Akalin, B. Schröppel, G. Deboccardo, V. Sehgal, R. Dinavahi, S. Lerner, S. Ames, J. Bromberg, S. Huprikar, M. Keller, B. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

With improved survival in the antiretroviral era, data from ongoing studies suggest that HIV patients can be safely transplanted. The disproportionate burden of HIV-related end-stage renal disease in minority populations may impose additional obstacles to successful completion of the transplant evaluation. We retrospectively reviewed 309 potentially eligible HIV patients evaluated for kidney transplant at our institution since 2000. Only 20% of HIV patients have been listed, compared to 73% of HIV-negative patients evaluated over the same period (p < 0.00001). Failure to provide documentation of CD4 and viral load (36% of candidates) was the most common reason for failure to progress beyond initial evaluation. Other factors independently associated with failure to complete the evaluation included CD4 < 200 at initial evaluation (OR 15.17; 95% CI 1.94-118.83), black race (OR 2.33; 95% CI 1.07-5.06), and history of drug use (OR 2.56; 95% CI 1.22-5.37). More efficient medical record sharing and an awareness of factors associated with failure to list HIV-positive transplant candidates may enable transplant centers to more effectively advocate for these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1467-1471
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Racial and ethnic disparities
  • Renal transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Sawinski, D., Wyatt, C. M., Casagrande, L., Myoung, P., Bijan, I., Akalin, E., Schröppel, B., Deboccardo, G., Sehgal, V., Dinavahi, R., Lerner, S., Ames, S., Bromberg, J., Huprikar, S., Keller, M., & Murphy, B. (2009). Factors associated with failure to list hiv-positive kidney transplant candidates. American Journal of Transplantation, 9(6), 1467-1471. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-6143.2009.02637.x