Factors Associated with Anticoagulation Initiation for New Atrial Fibrillation in an Urban Emergency Department

Johanna Seiden, Samantha Lessen, Natalie T. Cheng, Benjamin W. Friedman, Daniel L. Labovitz, Charles C. Esenwa, Ava L. Liberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To explore factors associated with anticoagulation (AC) initiation after atrial fibrillation (AF) diagnosis. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Urban medical center. Patients: Adults with emergency department (ED) diagnosis of new onset AF from 1/1/2017-1/1/2020 discharged home. Methods: We compared patients initiated on AC, our primary outcome, to those not initiated on AC. Stroke, major bleeding, and AC initiation within 1 year of visit were secondary outcomes. We hypothesized that minority race and non-English language preference are associated with failure to initiate AC. Results: Of 111 patients with AF, 88 met inclusion criteria. Mean age was 65 (SD 15); 47 (53%) were women. 49 (56%) patients were initiated on AC. Age (61 vs 68 years; P=.02), non-English language (28% vs 10%; P=.03), leaving ED against medical advice (AMA) (36% vs 14%; P=.04), and CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 (41% vs 6%; P<=.001) were associated with no AC initiation. There were no associations between patient-reported race/ethnicity and AC. Cardiology consultation (83.67% vs 30.78%; P<.0001) and higher median CHA2DS2-VASc score (3[2-4]) vs. 2[1-4]; P=.047) were associated with AC. Of 73 patients with follow-up data at 1 year, 2 (8%) not initiated on AC had strokes, 2 (4%) initiated on AC had major bleeds, and 15 (62.5%) not initiated on AC in the ED subsequently were initiated on AC. Conclusion: More than half of ED patients with new AF eligible for AC were initiated on it. Work to improve AC utilization among patients with new AF who left AMA from ED and those who prefer to communicate in a non-English language may be warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-332
Number of pages8
JournalEthnicity & disease
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

Keywords

  • Anticoagulation
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Stroke Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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