Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for cardiac support

Giles J. Peek, Richard K. Firmin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) uses cardiopulmonary bypass technology to provide prolonged cardiac or respiratory support in the intensive care unit. The use of ECMO for neonatal respiratory failure is now good evidence-based medicine following publication of the UK Collaborative ECMO Trial, but its use in adults and children remains controversial. In this review the use of ECMO to support paediatric patients with pre-and post-operative cardiac insufficiency is discussed. The survival with ECMO in these patients is 43-61%, which is remarkable in a group of patients who are moribund prior to initiation of ECMO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-388
Number of pages18
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • Cardiac failure
  • Cardiac surgery
  • ECMO
  • Intensive care
  • Paediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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