Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy of kidney disease in HIV-infected patients

Zygimantas C. Alsauskas, Raj Kiran Medapalli, Michael J. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with the development of a wide spectrum of kidney diseases. HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in HIV-infected individuals and predominantly affects patients of African ancestry. HIVAN is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among African-Americans. Areas covered: An overview of the spectrum of kidney disease in patients with HIV is given. Current pharmacologic interventions to treat kidney disease in HIV are discussed. This review will enhance knowledge regarding the most common causes of kidney disease in HIV-infected patients. An understanding of the principles related to pharmacotherapy in HIV-infected patients with kidney disease will also be gained. Expert opinion: Kidney disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients. The most common cause of chronic kidney disease in this population is HIV-associated nephropathy, which is caused by viral infection of the renal epithelium. Several medications that are commonly used in HIV-infected patients can have adverse effects on the kidneys and the doses of many antiretroviral medications need to be adjusted in patients with impaired renal function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-704
Number of pages14
JournalExpert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • FSGS
  • HIV-associated nephropathy
  • HIVAN
  • antiretroviral therapy
  • collapsing glomerulopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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