We have previously shown that estradiol suppresses types I and IV collagen synthesis by mesangial cells grown in the presence of serum. In the present study, we examined the interaction between estradiol and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) on collagen IV synthesis. In a luciferase reporter gene construct containing the type IV collagen promoter and α1-chain regulatory sequences, we found that TGF-β1 (2 ng/ml) stimulated α1- collagen IV gene transcription in serum-free media (140.5 ± 6.2 relative luciferase units, expressed as a percent of control untreated cells, P < 0.001). Estradiol reversed the stimulatory effects of TGF-β1 on reporter gene transcription in a dose-dependent manner [for 2.5 x 10-9 M, 114.2 ± 0.2, P < 0.002 vs. TGF-β1; for 10-7 M, 89.5 ± 4.0, P < 0.001 vs. TGF-β1 and P = not significant (NS) vs. control]. Using immunoprecipitation techniques, we found that estradiol (10-7 M) reversed TGF-β1-stimulated type IV collagen synthesis (175.3 ± 14.7 vs. 111.6 ± 7.1, expressed as a percent of control untreated cells, P < 0.001) but did not affect TGF-β1- stimulated type I collagen synthesis (166.9 ± 18.8 vs. 162.2 ± 16.2, P = NS). These results were confirmed with Western blotting. Nuclear extracts from mesangial cells treated with TGF-β1 showed increased binding to a Sp1 consensus binding sequence oligonucleotide and to an Sp1 binding site in the collagen IV promoter. Estradiol reversed this enhanced binding. These data suggest that estradiol antagonizes TGF-β1-stimulated type IV collagen synthesis at a transcriptional level and that this effect may be mediated by interactions with the transcription factor Sp1.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology|
|Issue number||6 43-6|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1998|
- Mesangial cells
- Transforming growth factor-β
ASJC Scopus subject areas