Electroencephalographic characteristics of epileptic seizures in preterm neonates

Soňa Janáčková, Steward Boyd, Elissa G. Yozawitz, Tammy Tsuchida, Marie Dominique Lamblin, Sophie Gueden, Ronit Pressler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Although seizures are more common in the neonatal period than in any other stage of childhood, those in preterm neonates are still poorly described. The aim of this study was to assess electro-clinical characteristics of seizures occurring before a corrected age of 40 weeks in neonates born prematurely. Method: Retrospective analysis of EEG-documented seizures in neonates born prematurely. Seizures in a group of term neonates served as controls. Results: Fifty-six prematurely born and 46 term born neonates were included. Median duration of seizures was 52 s in preterm and 96 s in term neonates. Seizures were focal or multifocal. In least mature neonates, they involved smaller regions of onset and remained localised. With increasing corrected age, propagation became more frequent. The electrographic pattern - maximal frequency of oscillation and the onset pattern also evolved with age. Electro-clinical seizures were observed in 25% of preterm versus 50% of term neonates; almost all electro-clinical seizures involved the central (motor) regions. Conclusion: Ictal EEG features undergo changes depending on corrected age. Most seizures are subclinical, thus EEG is essential for diagnosis. Significance: Relating ictal EEG pattern to corrected age can improve diagnosis and ultimately management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2721-2727
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume127
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Electroencephalography
  • Epileptic seizures
  • Neonate
  • Preterm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Janáčková, S., Boyd, S., Yozawitz, E. G., Tsuchida, T., Lamblin, M. D., Gueden, S., & Pressler, R. (2016). Electroencephalographic characteristics of epileptic seizures in preterm neonates. Clinical Neurophysiology, 127(8), 2721-2727. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2016.05.006