Efficacy of rectal midazolam for the sedation of preschool children undergoing laceration repair

Steven A. Shane, Susan M. Fuchs, Hnin Khine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objective: To determine the efficacy of rectal midazolam as sedation for laceration repair in preschool children in the pediatric emergency department. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Participants: Thirty-four anxious children aged 14 to 51 months with face or scalp lacerations 3 cm or less in length requiring two or more sutures and behavior scores of 3 or more. Interventions: Subjects received 0.45 mg/kg rectal midazolam or saline placebo rectally followed by a topical anesthetic 15 minutes before repair. Results: Sixteen patients received rectal midazolam, and 18received placebo. The groups were similar in age, race, gender, laceration length and location, entry behavior score, and entry anxiety score. Ten patients in the rectal midazolam group and 1 in the placebo group achieved adequate sedation (P<.001). Median behavior scores during suturing were more favorable in the rectal midazolam group (P<.005). The median anxiety score and median effort score during repair also were more favorable for the rectal midazolam group (P=.003 and P=.08, respectively). Two patients in the rectal midazolam group experienced inconsolable agitation after the repair. None of the patients suffered cardiopulmonary complications. Conclusion: Rectal midazolam is an effective method of sedationfor facilitating uncomplicated laceration repair in preschool children. However, physicians must be aware of the possibility of paradoxical reactions when using midazolam in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1065-1073
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Lacerations
Midazolam
Preschool Children
Placebos
Anxiety
Local Anesthetics
Scalp
Sutures
Hospital Emergency Service
Pediatrics
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Efficacy of rectal midazolam for the sedation of preschool children undergoing laceration repair. / Shane, Steven A.; Fuchs, Susan M.; Khine, Hnin.

In: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 24, No. 6, 1994, p. 1065-1073.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Study objective: To determine the efficacy of rectal midazolam as sedation for laceration repair in preschool children in the pediatric emergency department. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Participants: Thirty-four anxious children aged 14 to 51 months with face or scalp lacerations 3 cm or less in length requiring two or more sutures and behavior scores of 3 or more. Interventions: Subjects received 0.45 mg/kg rectal midazolam or saline placebo rectally followed by a topical anesthetic 15 minutes before repair. Results: Sixteen patients received rectal midazolam, and 18received placebo. The groups were similar in age, race, gender, laceration length and location, entry behavior score, and entry anxiety score. Ten patients in the rectal midazolam group and 1 in the placebo group achieved adequate sedation (P<.001). Median behavior scores during suturing were more favorable in the rectal midazolam group (P<.005). The median anxiety score and median effort score during repair also were more favorable for the rectal midazolam group (P=.003 and P=.08, respectively). Two patients in the rectal midazolam group experienced inconsolable agitation after the repair. None of the patients suffered cardiopulmonary complications. Conclusion: Rectal midazolam is an effective method of sedationfor facilitating uncomplicated laceration repair in preschool children. However, physicians must be aware of the possibility of paradoxical reactions when using midazolam in children.",
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