Efficacy of combined local mechanical vibrations, continuous passive motion and thermotherapy in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee

G. S. Kitay, M. J. Koren, D. L. Helfet, Michael K. Parides, J. A. Markenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We evaluated the efficacy of combined mechanical vibrations, continuous passive motion (CPM) and heat on the severity of pain in management of osteoarthritis of the knee (OA-K). Methods: In this controlled, double crossover study, 71 OA-K patients were randomized in Phase 1 to receive 4 weeks active treatment consisting of two 20-min sessions per day (34 patients, Group AB) or treatment with a sham device (37 patients, Group BA). This was followed by a 2-week washout period (Phase 2). In Phase 3, patients crossed over so that Group AB was treated with the sham device and Group BA received active treatment for an additional 4 weeks. Patient assessments of pain (visual analog scale, VAS) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) OA index were performed at baseline and at study weeks 2, 4, 6, and 10. Net treatment effects were estimated by comparing outcomes between active and sham treatment study phases. Results: Treatment benefits were noted for both of the trial's two pre-specified primary endpoints, VAS and WOMAC. VAS was reduced at all follow-up time points for patients receiving active treatment compared to sham treatment with a net treatment effect of 14.4 ± 4.1 mm (P = 0.001). Similarly, the WOMAC score was reduced significantly with active treatment at all measured points with a net effect of 8.8 ± 1.9 points (P < 0.001). The secondary endpoints, range of motion (ROM) and treatment satisfaction, also improved with active vs sham treatment. Conclusion: Four weeks treatment with combined CPM, vibration and local heating significantly decreases pain, improves ROM and the quality of life in patients with OA-K (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00858416).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1269-1274
Number of pages6
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Induced Hyperthermia
Knee Osteoarthritis
Vibration
Heating
Therapeutics
Placebos
Articular Range of Motion
Visual Analog Scale
Hot Temperature
Equipment and Supplies
Ontario
Pain Measurement
Pain Management
Cross-Over Studies
Quality of Life
Pain

Keywords

  • Continuous passive motion
  • Heat therapy
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Vibration therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Efficacy of combined local mechanical vibrations, continuous passive motion and thermotherapy in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee. / Kitay, G. S.; Koren, M. J.; Helfet, D. L.; Parides, Michael K.; Markenson, J. A.

In: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Vol. 17, No. 10, 01.10.2009, p. 1269-1274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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