Although recent guidelines recommend the combination of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) and thiazide (-like) diuretics, this combination is not widely used in clinical practice. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination regarding the following endpoints: all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Four studies with a total of 30,791 of patients met the inclusion criteria. The combination CCB/thiazide (-like) diuretic was associated with a significant risk reduction for myocardial infarction (risk ratio [RR], 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73-0.95) and stroke (RR, 0.77; CI, 0.64-0.92) compared with other combinations, whereas it was similarly effective compared with other combinations in reducing the risk of all-cause (RR, 0.89; CI, 0.75-1.06) and cardiovascular (RR, 0.89; CI 0.71-1.10) mortality. Elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension may particularly benefit from such a combination, since both drug classes have been shown to confer cerebrovascular protection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine