Effects of lethal exposure to hyperoxia and to hydrogen peroxide on NAD(H) and ATP pools in Chinese hamster ovary cells

J. J P Gille, C. G M van Berkel, E. Mullaart, Jan Vijg, H. Joenjie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cell death by oxidative stress has been proposed to be based on suicidal NAD depletion, typically followed by ATP depletion, caused by the NAD-consuming enzyme poly(ADP)ribose polymerase, which becomes activated by the presence of excessive DNA-strand breaks. In this study NAD+, NADH and ATP levels as well as DNA-strand breaks (assayed by alkaline elution) were determined in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells treated with either H2O2 or hyperoxia to a level of more than 80% clonogenic cell killing. With H2O2 extensive DNA damage and NAD depletion were observed, while at a higher H2O2 dosage ATP also became depleted. In agreement with results of others, the poly(ADP)ribose polymerase inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide completely prevented NAD depletion. However, both H2O2-induced ATP depletion and cell killing were unaffected by the inhibitor, suggesting that ATP depletion may be a more critical factor than NAD depletion in H2O2-induced killing of CHO cells. With hyperoxia, only moderate DNA damage (2 × background) and no NAD depletion were observed, whereas ATP became largely (70%) depleted. We conclude that (1) there is no direct relation between ATP and NAD depletion in CHO cells subjected to toxic doses of H2O2 or hyperoxia; (2) H2O2-induced NAD depletion is not by itself sufficient to kill CHO cells; (3) killing of CHO cells by hyperoxia is not due to NAD depletion, but may be due to depletion of ATP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume214
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hyperoxia
Cricetulus
NAD
Hydrogen Peroxide
Ovary
Adenosine Triphosphate
DNA Breaks
DNA Damage
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases
Poisons
Oxidative Stress
Cell Death

Keywords

  • ATP
  • Chinese hamster cells
  • DNA damage
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Hyperoxia
  • NAD
  • Oxygen radicals
  • Oxygen toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Effects of lethal exposure to hyperoxia and to hydrogen peroxide on NAD(H) and ATP pools in Chinese hamster ovary cells. / Gille, J. J P; van Berkel, C. G M; Mullaart, E.; Vijg, Jan; Joenjie, H.

In: Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, Vol. 214, No. 1, 1989, p. 89-96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Cell death by oxidative stress has been proposed to be based on suicidal NAD depletion, typically followed by ATP depletion, caused by the NAD-consuming enzyme poly(ADP)ribose polymerase, which becomes activated by the presence of excessive DNA-strand breaks. In this study NAD+, NADH and ATP levels as well as DNA-strand breaks (assayed by alkaline elution) were determined in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells treated with either H2O2 or hyperoxia to a level of more than 80{\%} clonogenic cell killing. With H2O2 extensive DNA damage and NAD depletion were observed, while at a higher H2O2 dosage ATP also became depleted. In agreement with results of others, the poly(ADP)ribose polymerase inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide completely prevented NAD depletion. However, both H2O2-induced ATP depletion and cell killing were unaffected by the inhibitor, suggesting that ATP depletion may be a more critical factor than NAD depletion in H2O2-induced killing of CHO cells. With hyperoxia, only moderate DNA damage (2 × background) and no NAD depletion were observed, whereas ATP became largely (70{\%}) depleted. We conclude that (1) there is no direct relation between ATP and NAD depletion in CHO cells subjected to toxic doses of H2O2 or hyperoxia; (2) H2O2-induced NAD depletion is not by itself sufficient to kill CHO cells; (3) killing of CHO cells by hyperoxia is not due to NAD depletion, but may be due to depletion of ATP.",
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AB - Cell death by oxidative stress has been proposed to be based on suicidal NAD depletion, typically followed by ATP depletion, caused by the NAD-consuming enzyme poly(ADP)ribose polymerase, which becomes activated by the presence of excessive DNA-strand breaks. In this study NAD+, NADH and ATP levels as well as DNA-strand breaks (assayed by alkaline elution) were determined in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells treated with either H2O2 or hyperoxia to a level of more than 80% clonogenic cell killing. With H2O2 extensive DNA damage and NAD depletion were observed, while at a higher H2O2 dosage ATP also became depleted. In agreement with results of others, the poly(ADP)ribose polymerase inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide completely prevented NAD depletion. However, both H2O2-induced ATP depletion and cell killing were unaffected by the inhibitor, suggesting that ATP depletion may be a more critical factor than NAD depletion in H2O2-induced killing of CHO cells. With hyperoxia, only moderate DNA damage (2 × background) and no NAD depletion were observed, whereas ATP became largely (70%) depleted. We conclude that (1) there is no direct relation between ATP and NAD depletion in CHO cells subjected to toxic doses of H2O2 or hyperoxia; (2) H2O2-induced NAD depletion is not by itself sufficient to kill CHO cells; (3) killing of CHO cells by hyperoxia is not due to NAD depletion, but may be due to depletion of ATP.

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