Effect of lung transplantation on heart rate response to exercise

Hilary F. Armstrong, Jose Gonzalez-Costello, Wilawan Thirapatarapong, Ulrich P. Jorde, Matthew N. Bartels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate if patients have a change in percent of predicted heart rate reserve used at peak exercise (%HRR) after lung transplantation, even at matching workloads. Background: Lung disease of obstructive, restrictive, and mixed types may be associated with an autonomic imbalance. Lung transplantation may improve the effects of pulmonary disease on cardiac function. However, the effect of lung transplantation on heart rate responses during exercise has not been investigated in detail. Methods: Retrospective review of patients who underwent lung transplantation. Pre and post transplant cardiopulmonary exercise tests were reviewed. Results: The %HRR significantly improved by a median of 37% (. p<0.001) following lung transplantation. When matching workloads were analyzed, the %HRR also decreased from a median of 36% to 24% (. p<0.001). Conclusions: Corresponding to an increase in peak exercise capacity, percentage of heart rate reserve used improves significantly after lung transplantation, even at matching workloads, indicating a likely improvement in autonomic modulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-250
Number of pages5
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • CPET
  • Chronotropic incompetence
  • Exercise
  • Heart rate
  • Lung transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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