Effect of chronic cold stress on intestinal epithelial cell proliferation and inflammation in rats

Susmita Kaushik, Jyotdeep Kaur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study evaluated the effect of chronic cold stress on intestinal epithelial cell proliferation and inflammation. Male Wistar rats were subjected to cold exposure for three weeks. At the end of the cold exposure, intestinal cell proliferation, luminal nitrite and protein levels, intestinal myeloperoxidase activity and mast cell numbers were evaluated. Severely compromised proliferation rate of the crypt-base cells was observed under chronic stress conditions. Cells isolated from stressed rats showed a decreased DNA content in villus and lower villus cell fractions and an increased DNA content in the crypt cells, as compared to controls. Chronic cold stress resulted in increased luminal nitrite, luminal protein levels, and intestinal myeloperoxidase activity. The number of mast cells was significantly elevated under chronic stress conditions. Chronic cold stress resulted in a compromised intestinal epithelial cell proliferation rate and induced inflammation in the rat small intestine, through the combined action of nitric oxide, neutrophils and mast cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalStress
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Duodenum
  • Free radicals
  • Inflammation
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Thymidine kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this