Significant attrition limits drug discovery. The available chemical entities present with drug-like features contribute to this limitation. Using specific examples of promiscuous receptor-ligand interactions, a case is made for expanding the chemical space for drug-like molecules. These ligand-receptor interactions are poor candidates for the drug discovery process. However, provided herein are specific examples of ligand-receptor or transcription-factor interactions, namely, the pregnane X receptor (PXR) and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), and its interactions with microbial metabolites. Discrete examples of microbial metabolite mimicry are shown to yield more potent and non-toxic therapeutic leads for pathophysiological conditions regulated by PXR and AhR. These examples underscore the opinion that microbial metabolite mimicry of promiscuous ligand-receptor interactions is warranted, and will likely expand the existing chemical space of drugs.
- chemical space
ASJC Scopus subject areas