Drosophila Topors Is a RING Finger-containing Protein That Functions as a Ubiquitin-protein Isopeptide Ligase for the Hairy Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Repressor Protein

Julie Secombe, Susan M. Parkhurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transcriptional repression plays an essential role in many aspects of metazoan development. Drosophila hairy is a primary pair-rule gene encoding a basic helix-loop-helix class transcriptional repressor that is required for proper segmentation. Previous characterization of Hairy-binding proteins has implicated two different classes of histone deacetylase as mediators of Hairy repression. Here, we present the characterization of a novel Hairy-interacting protein (dTopors) that binds specifically to the basic region of Hairy, but does not affect the ability of Hairy to bind DNA. By reducing the gene dose of dtopors, we demonstrate that it acts genetically as an antagonist of Hairy-mediated transcriptional repression. Consistent with this genetic interaction, we show that that recombinant dTopors protein possesses ubiquitin-protein isopeptide ligase activity in vitro and that dTopors mediates Hairy polyubiquitination and can lead to Hairy degradation. This work provides the first evidence that regulated proteolysis of Hairy is required for correct segmentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17126-17133
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 23 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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