Dose reduction methods for CT colonography

Kevin J. Chang, Judy Yee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients, referring physicians, the media, and government agencies have all expressed concern over the risks of medical radiation, particularly as it relates to CT. This concern is particularly paramount when associated with a screening examination such as CT colonography. These theoretical risks must be weighed realistically against the substantial benefits of colon cancer screening as well as against the risks inherent in the major alternative screening option, optical colonoscopy. When put into perspective, the risk-benefit ratio is highly in favor of the performance of CT colonography. Nevertheless, in following the ALARA principle, there is an ever increasing armamentarium of options that can be employed in the pursuit of CT radiation dose reduction, all of which can be used in many synergistic combinations allowing for dose reduction while simultaneously preserving image quality and minimizing image noise. After a brief tutorial on estimating radiation dose, various strategies will be discussed including reductions in tube current and tube voltage as well as the use of automatic dose modulation and iterative reconstruction. Other practical considerations will also be reviewed including proper patient isocentering, optimization of colonic insufflation to minimize additional decubitus scans, proper choice of scan volumes to avoid overranging, and variation of slice thickness and window width to minimize perceived image noise. Finally, a strategy for how to incrementally introduce these methods as well as a way to compare dose reduction efforts across institutions throughout the country will be offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-232
Number of pages9
JournalAbdominal Imaging
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Computed Tomographic Colonography
Radiation
Government Agencies
Insufflation
Colonoscopy
Early Detection of Cancer
Colonic Neoplasms
Odds Ratio
Physicians

Keywords

  • Automatic dose modulation
  • CT colonography
  • Dose reduction strategies
  • Iterative reconstruction
  • kVp
  • mAs
  • Radiation dose reduction
  • Virtual colonoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Medicine(all)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Urology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Dose reduction methods for CT colonography. / Chang, Kevin J.; Yee, Judy.

In: Abdominal Imaging, Vol. 38, No. 2, 01.04.2013, p. 224-232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, Kevin J. ; Yee, Judy. / Dose reduction methods for CT colonography. In: Abdominal Imaging. 2013 ; Vol. 38, No. 2. pp. 224-232.
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