Does EuroSCORE predict length of stay and specific postoperative complications after coronary artery bypass grafting?

Ioannis K. Toumpoulis, Constantine E. Anagnostopoulos, Joseph DeRose, Daniel G. Swistel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the performance of EuroSCORE in the prediction of in-hospital postoperative length of stay and specific major postoperative complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: Data on 3760 consecutive patients with CABG were prospectively collected. The EuroSCORE model (standard and logistic) was used to predict in-hospital mortality, prolonged length of stay (> 12 days) and major postoperative complications (stroke, myocardial infarction, sternal infection, bleeding, sepsis and/or endocarditis, gastrointestinal complications, renal and respiratory failure). A C statistic (receiver operating characteristic curve) was used to test the discrimination of the EuroSCORE. The calibration of the model was assessed by the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistic. Results: In-hospital mortality was 2.7%, and 13.7% of patients had one or more major complications. EuroSCORE showed very good discriminatory ability in predicting renal failure (C statistic: 0.80) and good discriminatory ability in predicting in-hospital mortality (C statistic: 0.75), sepsis and/or endocarditis (C statistic: 0.72) and prolonged length of stay (C statistic: 0.71). There were no differences in terms of the discriminatory ability between standard and logistic EuroSCORE. Standard EuroSCORE showed good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow: P > 0.05) in predicting these outcomes except for postoperative length of stay, while logistic EuroSCORE showed good calibration only in predicting renal failure. Conclusions: EuroSCORE can be used to predict not only in-hospital mortality, for which it was originally designed, but also prolonged length of stay and specific postoperative complications such as renal failure and sepsis and/or endocarditis after CABG. These outcomes can be predicted accurately using the standard EuroSCORE which is very simple and easy in its calculation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Coronary Artery Bypass
Length of Stay
Hospital Mortality
Renal Insufficiency
Endocarditis
Calibration
Sepsis
ROC Curve
Respiratory Insufficiency
Logistic Models
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Hemorrhage
Infection

Keywords

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • EuroSCORE
  • Length of stay
  • Postoperative complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Does EuroSCORE predict length of stay and specific postoperative complications after coronary artery bypass grafting? / Toumpoulis, Ioannis K.; Anagnostopoulos, Constantine E.; DeRose, Joseph; Swistel, Daniel G.

In: International Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 105, No. 1, 20.10.2005, p. 19-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Toumpoulis, Ioannis K. ; Anagnostopoulos, Constantine E. ; DeRose, Joseph ; Swistel, Daniel G. / Does EuroSCORE predict length of stay and specific postoperative complications after coronary artery bypass grafting?. In: International Journal of Cardiology. 2005 ; Vol. 105, No. 1. pp. 19-25.
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abstract = "Background: To evaluate the performance of EuroSCORE in the prediction of in-hospital postoperative length of stay and specific major postoperative complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: Data on 3760 consecutive patients with CABG were prospectively collected. The EuroSCORE model (standard and logistic) was used to predict in-hospital mortality, prolonged length of stay (> 12 days) and major postoperative complications (stroke, myocardial infarction, sternal infection, bleeding, sepsis and/or endocarditis, gastrointestinal complications, renal and respiratory failure). A C statistic (receiver operating characteristic curve) was used to test the discrimination of the EuroSCORE. The calibration of the model was assessed by the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistic. Results: In-hospital mortality was 2.7{\%}, and 13.7{\%} of patients had one or more major complications. EuroSCORE showed very good discriminatory ability in predicting renal failure (C statistic: 0.80) and good discriminatory ability in predicting in-hospital mortality (C statistic: 0.75), sepsis and/or endocarditis (C statistic: 0.72) and prolonged length of stay (C statistic: 0.71). There were no differences in terms of the discriminatory ability between standard and logistic EuroSCORE. Standard EuroSCORE showed good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow: P > 0.05) in predicting these outcomes except for postoperative length of stay, while logistic EuroSCORE showed good calibration only in predicting renal failure. Conclusions: EuroSCORE can be used to predict not only in-hospital mortality, for which it was originally designed, but also prolonged length of stay and specific postoperative complications such as renal failure and sepsis and/or endocarditis after CABG. These outcomes can be predicted accurately using the standard EuroSCORE which is very simple and easy in its calculation.",
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AB - Background: To evaluate the performance of EuroSCORE in the prediction of in-hospital postoperative length of stay and specific major postoperative complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: Data on 3760 consecutive patients with CABG were prospectively collected. The EuroSCORE model (standard and logistic) was used to predict in-hospital mortality, prolonged length of stay (> 12 days) and major postoperative complications (stroke, myocardial infarction, sternal infection, bleeding, sepsis and/or endocarditis, gastrointestinal complications, renal and respiratory failure). A C statistic (receiver operating characteristic curve) was used to test the discrimination of the EuroSCORE. The calibration of the model was assessed by the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistic. Results: In-hospital mortality was 2.7%, and 13.7% of patients had one or more major complications. EuroSCORE showed very good discriminatory ability in predicting renal failure (C statistic: 0.80) and good discriminatory ability in predicting in-hospital mortality (C statistic: 0.75), sepsis and/or endocarditis (C statistic: 0.72) and prolonged length of stay (C statistic: 0.71). There were no differences in terms of the discriminatory ability between standard and logistic EuroSCORE. Standard EuroSCORE showed good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow: P > 0.05) in predicting these outcomes except for postoperative length of stay, while logistic EuroSCORE showed good calibration only in predicting renal failure. Conclusions: EuroSCORE can be used to predict not only in-hospital mortality, for which it was originally designed, but also prolonged length of stay and specific postoperative complications such as renal failure and sepsis and/or endocarditis after CABG. These outcomes can be predicted accurately using the standard EuroSCORE which is very simple and easy in its calculation.

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KW - Length of stay

KW - Postoperative complications

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