Do US medical students report more training on evidence-based prevention topics?

Erica Frank, Sheira L. Schlair, Lisa Elon, Mona Saraiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little is known about the extent to which evidence-based prevention topics are taught in medical school. All class of 2003 medical students (n = 2316) at 16 US schools were eligible to complete three questionnaires: at the beginning of first and third years and in their senior year, with 80.3 responding. We queried these students about 21 preventive medicine topics, concerning the extent of their training and their patient counseling frequency at some of these time points. At the beginning of the third year, self-reported extensive training was low for all preventive medicine topics (range 7-26). USPSTF-recommended topics received more curricular time (median for topics: 36 if recommended versus 24.5 if not, P = 0.025), as did topics addressed through testing rather than through discussion (median for topics: 37 for testing and 25 for discussion, P = 0.005). Extensive training was always associated with higher counseling frequency, and intention to go into primary care, female gender, a positive attitude toward prevention and positive personal health habits were associated with higher counseling frequency. Although some bemoan the overall low levels of US medical students' prevention-related training and practice, we demonstrate that at least they are preferentially evidence-based, a novel and encouraging finding for preventionists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-275
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Education Research
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013

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Medical Students
medical student
Counseling
Preventive Medicine
counseling
evidence
medicine
Medical Schools
Habits
Primary Health Care
school
Students
habits
Health
questionnaire
gender
health
student
time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Education
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Do US medical students report more training on evidence-based prevention topics? / Frank, Erica; Schlair, Sheira L.; Elon, Lisa; Saraiya, Mona.

In: Health Education Research, Vol. 28, No. 2, 04.2013, p. 265-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frank, Erica ; Schlair, Sheira L. ; Elon, Lisa ; Saraiya, Mona. / Do US medical students report more training on evidence-based prevention topics?. In: Health Education Research. 2013 ; Vol. 28, No. 2. pp. 265-275.
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