Do gastrotomies require repair after endoscopic transgastric peritoneoscopy? A controlled study

Simon Bergman, Daniel J. Fix, Kevin Volt, Jason C. Roland, Lynn Happel, Kevin M. Reavis, Theodore J. Cios, Vincent Ho, Alan Evans, Vimal K. Narula, Jeffrey W. Hazey, W. Scott Melvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The optimal method for closing gastrotomies after transgastric instrumentation has yet to be determined. Objective: To compare gastrotomy closure with endoscopically delivered bioabsorbable plugs with no closure. Design: Prospective, controlled study. Setting: Animal laboratory. Subjects: Twenty-three dogs undergoing endoscopic transgastric peritoneoscopy between July and August 2007. Interventions: Endoscopic anterior wall gastrotomies were performed with balloon dilation to allow passage of the endoscope into the peritoneal cavity. The plug group (n = 12) underwent endoscopic placement of a 4 × 6-cm bioabsorbable mesh plug in the perforation, whereas the no-treatment group (n = 11) did not. Animals underwent necropsy 2 weeks after the procedure. Main Outcome Measurements: Complications related to gastrotomy closure, gastric burst pressures, relationship of burst perforation to gastrotomy, and the degree of adhesions and inflammation at the gastrotomy site. Results: After the gastrotomy, all dogs survived without any complications. At necropsy, burst pressures were 77 ± 11 mm Hg and 76 ± 15 mm Hg (P = .9) in the plug group and no-treatment group, respectively. Perforations occurred at the site of the gastrotomy in 2 of 12 animals in the plug group and in none of the 11 dogs in the no-treatment group (P = .5). Finally, there were minimal adhesions in all dogs (11/11) in the no-treatment group and minimal adhesions in 3 and moderate adhesions or inflammatory masses in 9 of the 12 animals in the plug group (P = .004). Limitations: Small number of subjects, animal model, no randomization. Gastrotomy trauma during short peritoneoscopy may not be applicable to longer procedures. Conclusions: After endoscopic gastrotomy, animals that were left untreated did not show any clinical ill effects and demonstrated adequate healing, with fewer adhesions and less inflammation compared with those treated with a bioabsorbable plug.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1013-1017
Number of pages5
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Volume71
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

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    Bergman, S., Fix, D. J., Volt, K., Roland, J. C., Happel, L., Reavis, K. M., Cios, T. J., Ho, V., Evans, A., Narula, V. K., Hazey, J. W., & Melvin, W. S. (2010). Do gastrotomies require repair after endoscopic transgastric peritoneoscopy? A controlled study. Gastrointestinal endoscopy, 71(6), 1013-1017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2010.01.025