An attempt was made to assign mouse lifespan-associated interstrain differences in DNA repair to a specific chromosomal region using a set of congenic mice. The sensitive 32P-postlabeling assay was employed to measure the removal of benzo[a]pyrene-induced DNA adducts in liver DNA of three different chromosome 4 congenic mouse strains: B6.C-H-15(c), B6.C-H-16(c), and B6.C-H-26(c) and the two parental strains, C57B1/6 and BALB/c. The removal of the one main adduct detected, trans-(7R)-N2-[10-(7β,8α,9α- trihydroxy)-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo(a)-pyrene]-yl-deoxyguanosine (BPDE-N2- dG), in liver DNA of C57B1/6 and BALB/c mice between one and three days after treatment, was approximately 86% and 57%, respectively. The percentage removal of BPDE-N2-dG in two of the three congenic mouse strains, B6.C-H- 16(c) and B6.C-H-26(c), resembled that found in BALB/c, whereas the third strain, B6.C-H-15(c), removed about the same amount as C57B1/6, i.e., approximately 88% of BPDE-N2-dG between one and three days after treatment. The usefulness of congenic mouse strains for identifying genes putatively involved in aging and/or disease susceptibility is discussed.
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