Disruption of Schwann cell elemental composition is not a primary neurotoxic effect of 2,5-hexanedione

Richard M. LoPachin, E. J. Lehning, E. C. Stack, A. J. Saubermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD) on elemental composition (Na, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Mg) and water content of Schwann cells and myelin were assessed in rat posterior tibial and proximal sciatic nerves. Animals were intoxicated with 2,5-HD by two routes of administration: oral (0.4% in drinking water for 78, 85 or 104 days) and intraperitoneal (i.p.; 0.4 gm/kg/day x 11, 18 or 30 days). Electron probe X-ray microanalysis demonstrated that oral 2,5-HD intoxication produced temporally-dependent disruptions of Na, P, Cl, K and Mg distributions in Schwann cells of proximal and distal nerve regions. On both a dry and wet weight basis, cytoplasmic Na and Cl concentrations increased, while P, K and Mg levels declined relative to control values. In contrast, intraperitoneal administration was associated with minimal changes in regional glial cell elemental concentrations. Moreover, neither route of intoxication altered the elemental composition nor water content of myelin. Thus, oral but not i.p. intoxication of rats with 2,5-HD causes perturbation of elemental distributions in peripheral nerve Schwann cells. Although the pattern of elemental disruption caused by oral administration is typical of cellular injury, the route-dependent nature draws into question the overall mechanistic relevance of this effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)927-934
Number of pages8
JournalNeuroToxicology
Volume15
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994

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Schwann Cells
Cells
Myelin Sheath
Chemical analysis
Water content
Oral Administration
Rats
Electron Probe Microanalysis
Water
Microanalysis
Sciatic Nerve
Peripheral Nerves
Neuroglia
Drinking Water
Neurons
Animals
Weights and Measures
X rays
2,5-hexanedione
Electrons

Keywords

  • 2,5-Hexanedione
  • Distal Axonopathy
  • Electron Prob X- Ray
  • Microanalysis
  • Route of Administration
  • Schwann Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Disruption of Schwann cell elemental composition is not a primary neurotoxic effect of 2,5-hexanedione. / LoPachin, Richard M.; Lehning, E. J.; Stack, E. C.; Saubermann, A. J.

In: NeuroToxicology, Vol. 15, No. 4, 1994, p. 927-934.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

LoPachin, Richard M. ; Lehning, E. J. ; Stack, E. C. ; Saubermann, A. J. / Disruption of Schwann cell elemental composition is not a primary neurotoxic effect of 2,5-hexanedione. In: NeuroToxicology. 1994 ; Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 927-934.
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