Differential characteristics of aids patients with a history of imprisonment

Joan A. Caylà, Andrés Marco, Angel Bedoya, Rafael Guerrero, Joan García, Vicente Martin, Josep M. Jansà, Patricia García De Olalla, Peter A. Selwyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: AIDS is among the leading causes of death in prisons, but there is little information about AIDS patients with a history of imprisonment. Methods: AIDS patients diagnosed in Barcelona between 1988 and 1993 were studied. Those with prison histories were compared to those without, with respect to epidemiological variables, including survival analysis. Results: 28.5% of 2336 AIDS patients, 49.4% of intravenous drug users (IVDU) and only 2.6% of homosexuals who were not IVDU had a prison history. Those with prison histories, compared to those without, were younger (median age of 30.6 versus 36.4, P<0.0001), more often IVDU than homosexuals (87.8% versus 35.8%, OR = 36.9, 95% Cl: 22.6-60.8, P<0.0001), and diagnosed with AIDS because of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (32.0% versus 14.7%, P<0.001). Among IVDU, those with prison histories were more frequently males (OR: 2.2; 95% Cl: 1.6-2.9), lived in the poorest district of Barcelona more frequently than in the richest district (OR: 6.6; 95% Cl: 3.4-12.9) and presented with extrapulmonary tuberculosis more frequently than Pneumocystis carinll pneumonia (OR: 1.7; 95% Cl: 1.2-2.4). Longer survival in the prison group did not persist when adjusted for age and AIDS-defining disease. Those with prison histories who presented with AIDS with only extrapulmonary tuberculosis had better probability of survival than those who presented only with P. carinii pneumonia (P<0.001). Conclusions: AIDS patients in Barcelona with prison histories tended to be younger, more likely to be IVDU, and to present with extrapulmonary tuberculosis as an AIDS-defining illness than other patient groups. Better survival appears to be related to age and AIDS-defining illnesses in the prison group. The fact that half the IVDU AIDS cases had prison histories has important implications for the care and prevention of HIV, tuberculosis, and drug abuse in comparable prison settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1188-1196
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Prisons
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Tuberculosis
Drugs
Drug Users
Survival
History
Imprisonment
Survival Analysis
Prison
Pneumocystis Pneumonia
Likely
Substance-Related Disorders
Cause of Death
Pneumonia

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Differential characteristics
  • Epidemiology
  • Incidence
  • Prison
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Differential characteristics of aids patients with a history of imprisonment. / Caylà, Joan A.; Marco, Andrés; Bedoya, Angel; Guerrero, Rafael; García, Joan; Martin, Vicente; Jansà, Josep M.; De Olalla, Patricia García; Selwyn, Peter A.

In: International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 24, No. 6, 12.1995, p. 1188-1196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caylà, JA, Marco, A, Bedoya, A, Guerrero, R, García, J, Martin, V, Jansà, JM, De Olalla, PG & Selwyn, PA 1995, 'Differential characteristics of aids patients with a history of imprisonment', International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1188-1196. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/24.6.1188
Caylà, Joan A. ; Marco, Andrés ; Bedoya, Angel ; Guerrero, Rafael ; García, Joan ; Martin, Vicente ; Jansà, Josep M. ; De Olalla, Patricia García ; Selwyn, Peter A. / Differential characteristics of aids patients with a history of imprisonment. In: International Journal of Epidemiology. 1995 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 1188-1196.
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title = "Differential characteristics of aids patients with a history of imprisonment",
abstract = "Background: AIDS is among the leading causes of death in prisons, but there is little information about AIDS patients with a history of imprisonment. Methods: AIDS patients diagnosed in Barcelona between 1988 and 1993 were studied. Those with prison histories were compared to those without, with respect to epidemiological variables, including survival analysis. Results: 28.5{\%} of 2336 AIDS patients, 49.4{\%} of intravenous drug users (IVDU) and only 2.6{\%} of homosexuals who were not IVDU had a prison history. Those with prison histories, compared to those without, were younger (median age of 30.6 versus 36.4, P<0.0001), more often IVDU than homosexuals (87.8{\%} versus 35.8{\%}, OR = 36.9, 95{\%} Cl: 22.6-60.8, P<0.0001), and diagnosed with AIDS because of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (32.0{\%} versus 14.7{\%}, P<0.001). Among IVDU, those with prison histories were more frequently males (OR: 2.2; 95{\%} Cl: 1.6-2.9), lived in the poorest district of Barcelona more frequently than in the richest district (OR: 6.6; 95{\%} Cl: 3.4-12.9) and presented with extrapulmonary tuberculosis more frequently than Pneumocystis carinll pneumonia (OR: 1.7; 95{\%} Cl: 1.2-2.4). Longer survival in the prison group did not persist when adjusted for age and AIDS-defining disease. Those with prison histories who presented with AIDS with only extrapulmonary tuberculosis had better probability of survival than those who presented only with P. carinii pneumonia (P<0.001). Conclusions: AIDS patients in Barcelona with prison histories tended to be younger, more likely to be IVDU, and to present with extrapulmonary tuberculosis as an AIDS-defining illness than other patient groups. Better survival appears to be related to age and AIDS-defining illnesses in the prison group. The fact that half the IVDU AIDS cases had prison histories has important implications for the care and prevention of HIV, tuberculosis, and drug abuse in comparable prison settings.",
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AU - Guerrero, Rafael

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AU - Martin, Vicente

AU - Jansà, Josep M.

AU - De Olalla, Patricia García

AU - Selwyn, Peter A.

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N2 - Background: AIDS is among the leading causes of death in prisons, but there is little information about AIDS patients with a history of imprisonment. Methods: AIDS patients diagnosed in Barcelona between 1988 and 1993 were studied. Those with prison histories were compared to those without, with respect to epidemiological variables, including survival analysis. Results: 28.5% of 2336 AIDS patients, 49.4% of intravenous drug users (IVDU) and only 2.6% of homosexuals who were not IVDU had a prison history. Those with prison histories, compared to those without, were younger (median age of 30.6 versus 36.4, P<0.0001), more often IVDU than homosexuals (87.8% versus 35.8%, OR = 36.9, 95% Cl: 22.6-60.8, P<0.0001), and diagnosed with AIDS because of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (32.0% versus 14.7%, P<0.001). Among IVDU, those with prison histories were more frequently males (OR: 2.2; 95% Cl: 1.6-2.9), lived in the poorest district of Barcelona more frequently than in the richest district (OR: 6.6; 95% Cl: 3.4-12.9) and presented with extrapulmonary tuberculosis more frequently than Pneumocystis carinll pneumonia (OR: 1.7; 95% Cl: 1.2-2.4). Longer survival in the prison group did not persist when adjusted for age and AIDS-defining disease. Those with prison histories who presented with AIDS with only extrapulmonary tuberculosis had better probability of survival than those who presented only with P. carinii pneumonia (P<0.001). Conclusions: AIDS patients in Barcelona with prison histories tended to be younger, more likely to be IVDU, and to present with extrapulmonary tuberculosis as an AIDS-defining illness than other patient groups. Better survival appears to be related to age and AIDS-defining illnesses in the prison group. The fact that half the IVDU AIDS cases had prison histories has important implications for the care and prevention of HIV, tuberculosis, and drug abuse in comparable prison settings.

AB - Background: AIDS is among the leading causes of death in prisons, but there is little information about AIDS patients with a history of imprisonment. Methods: AIDS patients diagnosed in Barcelona between 1988 and 1993 were studied. Those with prison histories were compared to those without, with respect to epidemiological variables, including survival analysis. Results: 28.5% of 2336 AIDS patients, 49.4% of intravenous drug users (IVDU) and only 2.6% of homosexuals who were not IVDU had a prison history. Those with prison histories, compared to those without, were younger (median age of 30.6 versus 36.4, P<0.0001), more often IVDU than homosexuals (87.8% versus 35.8%, OR = 36.9, 95% Cl: 22.6-60.8, P<0.0001), and diagnosed with AIDS because of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (32.0% versus 14.7%, P<0.001). Among IVDU, those with prison histories were more frequently males (OR: 2.2; 95% Cl: 1.6-2.9), lived in the poorest district of Barcelona more frequently than in the richest district (OR: 6.6; 95% Cl: 3.4-12.9) and presented with extrapulmonary tuberculosis more frequently than Pneumocystis carinll pneumonia (OR: 1.7; 95% Cl: 1.2-2.4). Longer survival in the prison group did not persist when adjusted for age and AIDS-defining disease. Those with prison histories who presented with AIDS with only extrapulmonary tuberculosis had better probability of survival than those who presented only with P. carinii pneumonia (P<0.001). Conclusions: AIDS patients in Barcelona with prison histories tended to be younger, more likely to be IVDU, and to present with extrapulmonary tuberculosis as an AIDS-defining illness than other patient groups. Better survival appears to be related to age and AIDS-defining illnesses in the prison group. The fact that half the IVDU AIDS cases had prison histories has important implications for the care and prevention of HIV, tuberculosis, and drug abuse in comparable prison settings.

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KW - Epidemiology

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KW - Survival

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