PURPOSE: The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) is prognostic for distant recurrence (DR) and predictive for chemotherapy benefit in early breast cancer, whereas clinical-pathological factors are only prognostic. Integration of genomic and clinical features offers the potential to guide adjuvant chemotherapy use with greater precision. METHODS: We developed a new tool (RSClin) that integrates RS with tumor grade, tumor size, and age using a patient-specific meta-analysis including 10,004 women with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative, and node-negative breast cancer who received endocrine therapy alone in the B-14 (n = 577) and TAILORx (n = 4,854) trials or plus chemotherapy in TAILORx (n = 4,573). Cox models for RSClin were compared with RS alone and clinical-pathological features alone using likelihood ratio tests. RSClin estimates of DR used a baseline risk with TAILORx event rates to reflect current medical practice. A patient-specific estimator of absolute chemotherapy benefit was computed using individualized relative chemotherapy effect from the randomized TAILORx and B-20 trials. External validation of risk estimation was performed by comparing RSClin estimated risk and observed risk in 1,098 women in the Clalit registry. RESULTS: RSClin provides more prognostic information (likelihood ratio χ2) for DR than RS or clinical-pathological factors alone (both P < .001, likelihood ratio test). In external validation, the RSClin risk estimate was prognostic for DR risk in the Clalit registry (P < .001) and the estimated risk closely approximated the observed 10-year risk (Lin concordance 0.962). The absolute chemotherapy benefit estimate ranges from 0% to 15% as the RS ranges from 11 to 50 using RSClin in a 55-year-old woman with a 1.5-cm intermediate-grade tumor. CONCLUSION: The RSClin tool integrates clinical-pathological and genomic risk to guide adjuvant chemotherapy in node-negative breast cancer and provides more individualized information than clinical-pathological or genomic data alone.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology|
|State||Published - Feb 20 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research