Development and Evaluation of a Physician-Targeted Video to Promote HIV Screening

Monisha Arya, Haley G. Marek, Rachel E. Marren, Vagish Hemmige, Richard L. Street, Thomas P. Giordano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. Despite national recommendations, routine opt-out HIV testing has not been widely adopted by physicians. Guided by previous research on physician barriers to HIV testing, we developed a physician-targeted video to promote routine opt-out HIV screening. The objective of this study was to evaluate this video intervention. Methods. From June to July 2016, physicians in two primary care clinics completed an online survey prior to and after watching the video. Survey items assessed acceptability of the video and HIV testing knowledge, attitudes, and intention to screen. Descriptive statistics were generated to analyze data. Results. Of the 53 participants, 90% liked or strongly liked the video. Pre- to postvideo, significant improvements were seen in the knowledge of national HIV screening recommendations (45.3% to 67.9%; p =.010) and of the proportion of unaware Houstonians living with HIV (22.6% to 75.5%; p <.001). Participant beliefs about the likelihood of patients accepting HIV testing increased from 47.2% to 84.9% pre- to postvideo (p <.001). Intention to screen did not change; participants had high intentions pre- and postvideo. Conclusions. Our study found that a video is an acceptable HIV testing promotion medium for physicians. Our video improved physician HIV testing knowledge and attitudes, overcoming key barriers to HIV testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)922-931
Number of pages10
JournalHealth promotion practice
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • behavior change
  • behavior change theory
  • social marketing/health communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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