Dephosphorylation of the HIV-1 restriction factor SAMHD1 is mediated by PP2A-B55α holoenzymes during mitotic exit

Kerstin Schott, Nina V. Fuchs, Rita Derua, Bijan Mahboubi, Esther Schnellbächer, Janna Seifried, Christiane Tondera, Heike Schmitz, Caitlin Shepard, Alberto Brandariz-Nuñez, Felipe Diaz-Griffero, Andreas Reuter, Baek Kim, Veerle Janssens, Renate König

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

SAMHD1 is a critical restriction factor for HIV-1 in non-cycling cells and its antiviral activity is regulated by T592 phosphorylation. Here, we show that SAMHD1 dephosphorylation at T592 is controlled during the cell cycle, occurring during M/G1 transition in proliferating cells. Using several complementary proteomics and biochemical approaches, we identify the phosphatase PP2A-B55α responsible for rendering SAMHD1 antivirally active. SAMHD1 is specifically targeted by PP2A-B55α holoenzymes during mitotic exit, in line with observations that PP2A-B55α is a key mitotic exit phosphatase in mammalian cells. Strikingly, as HeLa or activated primary CD4+ T cells enter the G1 phase, pronounced reduction of RT products is observed upon HIV-1 infection dependent on the presence of dephosphorylated SAMHD1. Moreover, PP2A controls SAMHD1 pT592 level in non-cycling monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs). Thus, the PP2A-B55α holoenzyme is a key regulator to switch on the antiviral activity of SAMHD1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2227
JournalNature communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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