Study Design: Case report. Objective: We present a case of delayed tetraparesis in a patient after posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Summary of Background Data: The reported rate of neural complications after scoliosis surgery is low. Intraoperative neuromonitoring is used to detect and prevent spinal cord injury. Methods: Review of medical record. Results: Delayed tetraparesis developed on the second postoperative day after unremarkable T3-L4 posterior fusion. MRI revealed evidence of cord ischemia at C4-C7. Angiogram revealed a hypervascular T4 body resulting in arteriovenous shunting into the epidural venous plexus. Conclusion: Venous congestive myelopathy due to arteriovenous shunting or unrecognized syrinx are presented as possible etiologies of this patient's spinal cord injury. A preoperative MRI may have helped discern the cause of this patient's spinal cord injury.
- Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
- Arteriovenous fistula
- Spinal cord injury
- Venous congestive myelopathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Clinical Neurology