DAP-kinase-mediated morphological changes are localization dependent and involve myosin-II phosphorylation

B. Bialik, Anne R. Bresnick, Adi Kimchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

DAP-kinase (DAPk) is a Ser/Thr kinase that regulates cytoplasmic changes associated with programmed cell death. It is shown here that a GFP-DAPk fusion, which partially localized to actin stress fibers, induced extensive membrane protrusions. This phenotype correlated with changes in myosin-II distribution and with increased phosphorylation of the myosin-II regulatory light chain (RLC). A mutant lacking the cytoskeletal-interacting region (GFP-DAPkΔCyto) displayed diffuse cytoplasmic localization, and induced peripheral membrane blebbing, instead of the extensive protrusions. In contrast, deletion of the ankyrin repeats led to mislocalization of the kinase to focal contacts, where it failed to elicit any changes in cell morphology. While both wild-type DAPk and DAPkΔCyto induced RLC phosphorylation independently of the Rho-activated kinase ROCK, only the wild type led to increases in stress-fiber associated phospho-RLC. Thus, the precise intracellular localization of DAPk is critical for exposure to its substrates, including the RLC, which mediate varying morphologic changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)631-644
Number of pages14
JournalCell Death and Differentiation
Volume11
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2004

Fingerprint

Death-Associated Protein Kinases
Myosin Type II
Phosphorylation
Stress Fibers
Light
Phosphotransferases
Ankyrin Repeat
rho-Associated Kinases
Myosin Light Chains
Focal Adhesions
Membranes
Blister
Actins
Cell Death
Phenotype

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Apoptosis
  • Contraction
  • DAP-kinase
  • Membrane blebbing
  • Myosin regulatory light chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

DAP-kinase-mediated morphological changes are localization dependent and involve myosin-II phosphorylation. / Bialik, B.; Bresnick, Anne R.; Kimchi, Adi.

In: Cell Death and Differentiation, Vol. 11, No. 6, 06.2004, p. 631-644.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - DAP-kinase (DAPk) is a Ser/Thr kinase that regulates cytoplasmic changes associated with programmed cell death. It is shown here that a GFP-DAPk fusion, which partially localized to actin stress fibers, induced extensive membrane protrusions. This phenotype correlated with changes in myosin-II distribution and with increased phosphorylation of the myosin-II regulatory light chain (RLC). A mutant lacking the cytoskeletal-interacting region (GFP-DAPkΔCyto) displayed diffuse cytoplasmic localization, and induced peripheral membrane blebbing, instead of the extensive protrusions. In contrast, deletion of the ankyrin repeats led to mislocalization of the kinase to focal contacts, where it failed to elicit any changes in cell morphology. While both wild-type DAPk and DAPkΔCyto induced RLC phosphorylation independently of the Rho-activated kinase ROCK, only the wild type led to increases in stress-fiber associated phospho-RLC. Thus, the precise intracellular localization of DAPk is critical for exposure to its substrates, including the RLC, which mediate varying morphologic changes.

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