Critical effects of aging and nutritional state on hypothalamic neuropeptide Y and galanin gene expression in lean and genetically obese Zucker rats

Meena Jhanwar-Uniyal, Streamson C. Chua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have investigated, by Northern blot analysis, the hypothalamic gene expression [messenger RNA (mRNA)] of two appetite stimulating neuropeptides, neuropeptide Y (NPY) and galanin (GAL) in lean (+/+) and genetically obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats at 11, 24 and 40 weeks of age and their responsiveness to food deprivation. At 11 weeks of age, hypothalamic NPY mRNA levels of fa/fa rats were similar to those observed in lean littermates. However, NPY mRNA levels of fa/fa rats were significantly greater than those of lean rats at 24 (+126%; P < 0.01) and 40 (+65%; P < 0.05) weeks of age. Food deprivation caused a significant increase in NPY mRNA levels in both lean and fa/fa Zucker rats at 11 and 24 weeks of age, but not at 40 weeks old rats. Hypothalamic GAL mRNA showed a different pattern of change. The relative content of GAL mRNA in 11 week old obese rats was significantly lower (-68%; P < 0.05) than that of lean rats, while GAL and mRNA was significantly higher in 40 week old (+57%; P < 0.05) obese rats compared to their lean littermates. At 24 weeks of age, hypothalamic GAL mRNA levels did not differ between lean and obese rats. Food deprivation induced no change in hypothalamic GAL mRNA in lean rats of all 3 ages; however, it caused an increase of GAL mRNA in obese rats at 11 (+60%; P < 0.05) and 24 (+44%; P < 0.05) weeks, but not at 40 weeks. These findings demonstrate that hypothalamic NPY and GAL gene expression differs between lean and obese rats, as a function of age and nutritional state and they also suggest that alterations in NPY and GAL mRNA levels of the obese rat are secondary manifestations of the obese state, rather than the primary cause of obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Brain Research
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Food deprivation
  • Galanin mRNA
  • Hypothalamus
  • Lean Zucker rat
  • Neuropeptide Y
  • Obese Zucker rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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