Country of origin and race/ethnicity: Impact on breastfeeding intentions

Karen A. Bonuck, Kathy Freeman, Michelle Trombley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


This article reports on breastfeeding intentions of Hispanic and black women by country of origin (continental US born or foreign born) in a low-income population that has experienced demographic shifts. Data were derived from prenatal interviews with 382 women from 2 community clinics. Primary outcome measures were intentions to formula feed, breastfeed, or formula and breastfeed. Foreign-born women were significantly more likely to intend to only breastfeed (42% vs 24% for continental US born, P <.05). In multivariate analyses, country of origin and having breastfed a previous child were the only significant predictors of breastfeeding intention. In contrast to previous work, black (non-Hispanic) and Hispanic women's breastfeeding plans were similar. This finding coincides with dramatic increases in the numbers of blacks from West Indian countries - where breastfeeding is the norm - in the study locale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-326
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Human Lactation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2005


  • Black, African American
  • Black, West Indian
  • Breastfeeding
  • Hispanic
  • Intentions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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