Insulin is known to decrease plasma levels of both glucose and amino acids. We have designed a study to examine whether in hyperthyroidism, where insulin sensitivity is changed, correlation between glucose disposal and amino acids levels is maintained. We studied 5 normal (N)) and 5 hyperthyroid (HTD) subjects, and measured glucose disposal rate and serum levels of plasma amino acids before and during insulin infusion utilizing the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp technique. Insulin was effective in decreasing the levels of all amino acids in the plasma of all subjects. The mean amino acid decrease in response to insulin infusion rate of 10 mu/kg/min was 35 ± 3% in N and 50 ± 3% in HTD. The half maximally effective dose of insulin on glucose disposal was 43 ± 3 and 69 ± 9 uU/ml in N and HTD respectively (p < 0.05). The half maximally efective dose of insulin on decreasing plasma amino acids was 37 ± 7 and 75 ± 5 uU/ml in N and HTD respectively (p < 0.01). The concentration of insulin giving a half maximal effect on serum amino acids correlated with the half-maximally effective dose on glucose disposal rate (r = 0.72, p < 0.01). The maximal effect on total amino acid levels correlated with maximal glucose disposal (r = 0.76, p < 0.001). Similar results were observed with branched chain amino acids. We conclude that in hyperthyroidism glucose disposal and decrease in amino acids levels are closely correlated as in healthy subjects. This also confirms the association between glucose disposal and amino acids levels in a variety of insulin sensitive and resistant states.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical