Correction of eddy-current distortions in diffusion tensor images using the known directions and strengths of diffusion gradients

Jiancheng Zhuang, Jan Hrabe, Alayar Kangarlu, Dongrong Xu, Ravi Bansal, Craig A. Branch, Bradley S. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To correct eddy-current artifacts in diffusion tensor (DT) images without the need to obtain auxiliary scans for the sole purpose of correction. Materials and Methods: DT images are susceptible to distortions caused by eddy currents induced by large diffusion gradients. We propose a new postacquisition correction algorithm that does not require any auxiliary reference scans. It also avoids the problematic procedure of cross-correlating images with significantly different contrasts. A linear model is used to describe the dependence of distortion parameters (translation, scaling, and shear) on the diffusion gradients. The model is solved numerically to provide an individual correction for every diffusion-weighted (DW) image. Results: The assumptions of the linear model were successfully verified in a series of experiments on a silicon oil phantom. The correction obtained for this phantom was compared with correction obtained by a previously published method. The algorithm was then shown to markedly reduce eddy-current distortions in DT images from human subjects. Conclusion: The proposed algorithm can accurately correct eddy-current artifacts in DT images. Its principal advantages are that only images with comparable signals and contrasts are cross-correlated, and no additional scans are required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1188-1193
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

Keywords

  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Distortions
  • Echo-planar imaging
  • Eddy currents
  • Fractional anisotrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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