Purpose To report a patient with severe corneal and conjunctival toxicity from long-term, habitual use of hydrogen peroxide as an eye wash. Design Observational case report. Intervention and testing Serial examinations of the cornea, conjunctiva, and ocular adnexa were done. Penetrating keratoplasty with amniotic membrane transplantation was performed. Main outcome measures Ocular inflammation, pain, and visual acuity outcome. Results Bilateral corneal and conjunctival inflammation and scarring mimicking ocular-cicatricial pemphigoid were noted. Formation of a descemetocele after starting treatment with low-dose topical steroids required emergent penetrating keratoplasty with amniotic membrane transplantation. Conclusions This is the first reported case of ocular surface toxicity in a patient after deliberate chronic use of high-dose hydrogen peroxide. It highlights the value of obtaining a thorough medical and social history and the importance of direct questioning about the use of any medications or agents on the eyes before making a diagnosis or initiating therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas