The authors present a review of the various bone grafts currently available with special attention to coral bone grafts. Several of the benefits of coralline hydroxyapatite bone graft substitutes, such as safety and biocompatibility, will be addressed in this article, part of an ongoing investigation of coral bone grafts used in triple arthrodesis procedures. To date, eight cases have been performed. In seven cases, granular chips were employed to pack the subtalar joint. The final case, presented in this article, represents a 26-year-old male who, 2 years previously, sustained a calcaneal fracture with resultant shortening along the lateral column. A coralline hydroxyapatite block was used at the calcaneocuboid joint to achieve distraction. Clinically, the patient is progressing well at 10 months postoperatively. Radiographically, one can still clearly appreciate the margins of the bone graft at 5 months.
- bone grafts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine