Effective use of contraception allows couples to control their fertility and, in certain instances, is associated with important noncontraceptive benefits. Surgical sterilization offers safe, effective, and permanent contraception for women and men. Low-dose OCPs offer safe, effective contraception for most women able and willing to take pills consistently. In addition, their use confers a variety of important noncontraceptive benefits. The availability of long-acting progestin injectable and implantable methods has made highly effective and convenient birth control available for women who are not good pill takers as well as for those for whom contraceptive doses of estrogen are contraindicated. Barrier methods are readily available and provide protection against STDs; unfortunately, erratic rise is all too often associated with inadequate contraceptive efficacy. IUDs offer convenient, highly effective contraception for appropriate candidates.
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